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Subject-Verb Agreement
13th Edition: 3, 6, 7, 16, 30, 45, 61, 67, 70, 81, 88, 103, 129, 133, 140, D41, D43 Verbal Review. 10, 11, 14, 20, 34, 35, 65, 101
3. Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.
(A) have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally
(B) raised hopes for there being a recovery finally
(C) had raised hopes for a recovery finally being
(D) has raised hopes that a recovery is finally
(E) raised hopes for a recovery finally
6. Diabetes, together with its serious complications, ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only by heart disease and cancer.
(A) ranks as the nation's third leading cause of death, surpassed only
(B) rank as the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(C) has the rank of the nation's third leading cause of death, only surpassed
(D) are the nation's third leading causes of death, surpassed only
(E) have been ranked as the nation's third leading causes of death, only surpassed

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Although a surge in retail sales have raised hopes that there is a recoverv finally under way, many economists say that without a large amount of spending the recovery might not last.
A. have raised hopes that there is a recovery finally
B. raised hopes for there being a recovery finally
C. had raised hopes for a recovery finally being
D. has raised hopes that a recovery is finally
E. raised hopes for a recovery finally
一个连词两个句子,看到后面这个句子是say 所以要关注时态,确定主语是 a surge 保证主谓一致,hope后面跟的是一个同位语从句说明hope的内容,后面那个句子say后跟的是一个宾语从句,宾语从句中又用到了虚拟语气。
疑问:(1)being的出现是只有表明时态的时候才有可能是正确的,其他情况就可以直接不用考虑是么,那也就是说being done才有可能正确,而being+n就一定错对不?那是不是having也是这样
(2)under way有体现时态的含义么?

A: 单复数错误,OG中说there is a recovery finally wordy
B: raised 时态错误,由后面的say判断前面不应该用过去式,然后for 后面用了there being说明for在这里是想做介词修饰hopes,应该也没错吧,OG只中说for there being wordy
C: 时态错误,这里的过去完成时完全没有依据,这里的being的逻辑主语应该是a recovery但是有一个介词for所以介词加名词不是就不能充当主语了吧,那除了独立主格中的with +名词+分词,也就是说独立主格中的这种形式只能是with?。OG只中说for there being wordy
D: 正确
E: 时态错误,OG 中说for a recovery finally awkward,木有意义是因为?
主谓一致:A 时态:BCE Wordy:ABC

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1. Certain extremely harmful bacteria found only in sewage are difficult to detect directly. Testing for E. coli, an easily detected and less harmful type of bacteria, in ocean water would be a reliable way of determining whether or not these more harmful bacteria are present, since ocean water contains E. Coli only if the water is contaminated with sewage that contains the harmful bacteria.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. There are many different strains of the E. coli bacteria, and only some of these strains are harmful.
B. Some types of bacteria found in sewage are neither disease-causing nor difficult to detect directly.
C. Some of the types of bacteria found in sewage along with E. coli are not harmful to people unless the bacteria are ingested in large quantities.
D. E. coli dies out much more quickly than some of the more harmful bacteria found in sewage and then can no longer be easily detected.
E. Some of the types of bacteria found in sewage along with E. coli reproduce at a slower rate than E. coli.
2. In Diersville the new Environmental Action party won two seats on the seven-member town council in 1988.It lost both of those seats in the 1992 election, even though the party's pro-environment platform环保平台 had essentially remained unchanged.This decline in the party's fortunes clearly demonstrates that in Diersville environmental concerns faded in significance between 1988 and 1992.
原因——1992丢失了委员会席位
结果——公众对于环保的关心下降了

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Between 1988 and 1992, the number of eligible voters in Diersville rose, but not the percentage who actually voted.不影响结果
B. Between 1988 and 1992, Diersville's leading political party revised its platform, adopting a strongly environmentalist stan ce.
C. The parties that ran candidates in the 1992 election in Diersville were the same as those that had done so in the 1988 election.
D. In 1992 the Environmental Action party won fewer votes in Diersville than it had won in 1988.
E. Between 1988 and 1992, some measures intended to benefit the environment had been adopted by the town council, but with inconclusive results. 如果第二次选择我会选这个。。。。。。
3. New regulations in Mullentown require manufacturers there to develop five-year pollution-reduction plans. The regulations require that each manufacturer develop a detailed plan for reducing its released pollutants by at least 50 percent. Clearly, the regulations will not result in significant pollution reduction, however, since the regulations do not force manufacturers to implement their plans.
Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

A. Mullentown's manufacturing plants are not the only source of pollution there.
B. Detailed plans would reveal that measures to reduce released pollutants would also reduce manufacturers' costs for materials, waste disposal, and legal services
C. Pollutants that manufacturing processes create but that are not released directly into the environment must nonetheless be collected and prepared for disposal.
D. Any reductions in pollutants released from Mullentown's manufacturing plants would not be noticeable for at least five years.
E. Each manufacturer will be required to submit its plan to a committee appointed by Mullentown's officials.
4. In the United States, the financing of industrial research by private industrial firms remained steady as a percentage of sales during the period between 1968 and 1978 (after correcting for inflation). But slowdowns in the growth of industrial productivity also occurred during that period, a fact that refutes the notion that the growth of industrial productivity is directly proportional to the amount invested in industrial research.
Which of the following, if true for the United States, most weakens the argument above?

A. Federal funds, which constituted a significant portion of the support for industrial research from 1968 to 1978, fell annually and substantially during that period.
B. The inflation that occurred between 1968 and 1978 was more severe than leading economists had expected.
C. Industrial executives generally favor investing an appreciably larger portion of corporate funds in short-term product development than in basic research.
D. The scientists and engineers who worked in industry from 1968 to 1978 were, as a group, more experienced in their jobs than were those who worked in industry during the previous ten-year period.
E. Corporate financing of industrial research increased in several of the years immediately following 1978 (after correcting for inflation).
5. Between 1970 and 1980, energy consumption by United States industry peaked and then declined, so that by 1980 total industrial use of energy was below the 1970 level even though total industrial output had grown substantially in the same period. Industry must have instituted highly effective energy conservation measures in those years to have achieved such impressive results.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion of the argument?

A. Many industries switched to the greatest extent possible from high-priced oil to lower-priced alternatives throughout the 1970's. 支持——节能方法
B. Total residential energy consumption was higher in the United States in 1980 than it had been in 1970 与题目无关
C. Many industrial users of energy had paid little attention to energy conservation prior to 1970. 支持——之前不重视节能,可能1970s就重视了,采取各种节能措施
D. Industrial output grew less rapidly from 1970 to 1980 than it had from 1960 to 1970 整个题目背景是1970-1980,此选项是与前一年代相比较,那么只能说明一个大背景是1970s整个的工业产出增长慢,耗能也许会整体下降,但不能说明1970s中耗能先增长后下降的问题,不能排除节能方法的运用,反而可能正是由于中途运用了节能方法才会有这种能耗波动,因此起不到削弱作用。
E. The industries whose production dropped sharply during the 1970's included a disproportionately large number of energy-intensive industries. 削弱——能耗下降不是因为节能措施,而是因为生产减少,用能减少。此题做错是因为思考不够缜密,没想清楚
6. In a recent film set in seventeenth-century Europe, the hero is seen doing the crawl, a swimming stroke not known in Europe before the 1920's.However, since moviegoers obviously are not experts in the history of swimming strokes, for most of the film's audiences this blunder clearly cannot have interfered with whatever sense of historical authenticity the film otherwise achieved.
因果关系:原因——观众不是游泳姿势的专家
结果——弄错了游泳姿势年代的电影不会影响在观众心中的历史真实性

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument given?

A. The film was widely praised for being historically plausible, even though it portrayed many events that were not historically attested. 不是最佳选项,人们不一定非得跟风
B. The scene that shows the film's hero doing the crawl is a rescue scene pivotal关键的,中枢的,神经的 to the film's action, and parts of it are even shown a second time, in a flashback. 与题目无关
C. Makers of historical films, even of those set as recently as the nineteenth century, routinely strike compromises between historical authenticity and the need to keep their material accessible to a modern audience, as in the actors' speech patterns. 与题目无关
D. The crawl that European swimmers used in the 1920's was much less efficient and more awkward-looking than the crawl that is currently taught.
E. A slightly earlier film featuring an eighteenth century sea battle in Europe was ridiculed被嘲笑,被愚弄 in numerous popular reviews for the historical lapse流失 of showing a sailor doing the crawl in swimming to safety. 削弱——证明观众是有辨别力的,反映到本题则是否定原因,引出可能他因,但未具体指明本题做错原因最主要是题目没看懂
7. A certain type of dinnerware整套餐具 made in Ganandia contains lead. Lead can leach into acidic foods, and Ganandians tend to eat highly acidic foods. However, the extreme rarity of lead poisoning in Ganandia indicates that the dinnerware does not contain dangerous amounts of lead.
原因:没有毒性铅
结果:餐具没有铅成分

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. The dinnerware is produced exclusively for sale outside Ganandia. 削弱——不是不含铅,而是根本没有用这个餐具吃饭,都出口了
B. Ganandian foods typically are much more acidic than foods anywhere else in the world. 支持
C. The only source of lead poisoning in Ganandia is lead that has leached into food. 支持
D. Most people who use the dinnerware are not aware that it contains lead.
E. Acidic foods can leach lead from dinnerware even if that dinnerware has a protective coating. 支持
本题做错主要原因在于题目没有看懂

8. A researcher found that, in proportion to their body weights, children eat more carbohydrates than adults do. Children also exercise more than adults do. The researcher hypothesized that carbohydrate consumption varies in direct proportion to the calorie demands associated with different levels of exercise.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the researcher's hypothesis?

A. More carbohydrates are eaten per capita in nations where the government spends more per capita on public exercise programs.
B. Children who do not participate in organized sports tend to eat fewer carbohydrates than children who participate in organized sports.
C. Consumption of increased amounts of carbohydrates is a popular tactic of runners preparing for long-distance races.
D. Periods of physical growth require a relatively higher level of carbohydrate consumption than otherwise.
E. Though carbohydrates are necessary for the maintenance of good health, people who consume more carbohydrates are not necessarily healthier.
9. Experts removed a layer of eighteenth-century red paint from a figure in a painting by a sixteenth-century Italian artist, revealing a layer of green paint underneath. Since the green paint dates from the sixteenth century, the figure must have been green, not red, when the painting was completed in 1563.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. The experts had been commissioned to restore the painting to the colors it had when it was completed.
B. X-rays reveal an additional layer of paint beneath the green paint on the figure.
C. Chemical analyses were used to determine the ages of the red paint and the green paint.
D. The red paint was added in the eighteenth century in an attempt to repair damage done in the late seventeenth century.
E. Red paint on the robe of another figure in the painting dates from the sixteenth century.
10. Housing construction materials give off distinctive sounds when exposed to high temperatures. Acoustic sensors accurately detect such sounds and fire alarms incorporating acoustic sensors can provide an early warning of house fires, allowing inhabitants to escape before being overcome by smoke. Since smoke inhalation is the most common cause of fatalities in house fires, mandating acoustic-sensor-based alarms instead of smoke detectors will eliminate house fire as a major cause of death.
Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument given?

A. The present high cost of acoustic-sensor-based alarm systems will decline if their use becomes widespread.
B. When fully ignited, many materials used in housing construction give off sounds that are audible even from several hundred yards away.
C. Many fires begin in cushions or in mattresses, producing large amounts of smoke without giving off any sounds.
D. Two or more acoustic-sensor-based alarms would be needed to provide adequate protection in some larger houses.
E. Smoke detectors have been responsible for saving many lives since their use became widespread.
11. Pollutants in the atmosphere can cause acid rain (rain with high acidity levels).
While acid rain in itself cannot significantly affect the acidity of bodies of water into which it falls, it can greatly increase the acidity of nearby lakes by increasing the amount of decaying matter on a forest floor. A recent increase in the acidity of the water in Forest Lake, therefore, surely indicates that the rain falling nearby has become more acid.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. Even in areas without significant amounts of acid rain, most lakes in regions with vegetation similar to the vegetation around Forest Lake have acidity levels higher than those of other lakes.
B. Recent air-quality tests in the region around Forest Lake have revealed a slight increase in the amount of pollutants in the air.
C. Large-scale logging, which was recently begun in the forest surrounding Forest Lake, has increased the amount of decaying matter on the forest floor.
D. There is some disagreement among scientists about exactly how pollutants in the atmosphere cause acid rain.
E. Decaying matter exists on all forest floors and is an important factor in maintaining the healthy growth of the forests.

这次该党运气的下降表明环境议题在D1988年至1992年之中降低了重要性。 B选项说明环保议题并没有失去其重要性,反而引起了更大的注意。 Intended to benefit和inconclusive results不能削弱结论吧!需要这个选项表明:对环保议题还是非常重视的 强调是A导致B 给出他因 前提:看电影的人并非游泳动作史的行家; 结论:这个错误不会干扰电影在其他方面所提示的历史真实性,要求找弱化了这个论点的选项。 在Ganandia铅中毒事件极少的事实说明那里的餐具不含达到危险水平的铅。

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抽查时间 任务量 抽查量 是否抄写5遍 听看英能译汉 根据汉语能读写英文 通过率
2014/07/09 225 32 26 0 81.3%
2014/07/09 225 32 26 0 81.3%
2014/07/09 225 32 26 0 81.3%
2014/07/14 99 28 17 0 60.7%
2014/07/15 89 30 22 0 73.3%
2014/07/15 89 30 22 0 73.3%
2014/07/16 104 37 33 0 89.2%
2014/07/16 104 37 33 0 89.2%
2014/07/18 61 32 29 0 90.6%
2014/07/18 61 32 29 0 90.6%
2014/07/19 97 33 26 0 78.8%
2014/07/19 97 33 26 0 78.8%
2014/07/21 17 12 8 0 66.7%
2014/07/22 128 33 22 0 66.7%
2014/07/23 56 25 20 0 80.0%
2014/07/23 56 25 20 0 80.0%
2014/07/25 76 30 27 0 90.0%
2014/07/28 164 53 44 0 83.0%

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作业批改数据分析表

套题 语法   逻辑   阅读   总正
确率
总题量 错误 正确率 总题量 错误 正确率 总题量 错误 正确率
GWD-TN-1 16 3 81% 11 2 82% 14 5 64% 76%
GWD-TN-2 16 7 56% 11 4 64% 14 5 64% 61%
GWD-TN-3 9 3 67% 18 2 89% 14 3 79% 80%
GWD-TN-4 16 1 94% 11 4 64% 14 4 71% 78%
GWD-TN-5 16 5 69% 11 4 64% 14 2 86% 73%
GWD-TN-6 16 2 88% 11 3 73% 14 2 86% 83%
GWD-TN-7 15 2 87% 12 2 83% 14 3 79% 83%
GWD-TN-8 18 1 94% 9 4 56% 14 2 86% 83%
GWD-TN-9 16 4 75% 11 2 82% 14 1 93% 83%
GWD-TN-10 14 2 86% 9 1 89% 18 5 72% 80%
GWD-TN-11 16 2 88% 11 2 82% 14 1 93% 88%
GWD-TN-12 14 4 71% 13 6 54% 14 2 86% 71%
GWD-TN-13 14 2 86% 13 4 69% 14 1 93% 83%
GWD-TN-14 15 3 80% 12 0 100% 14 4 71% 83%
GWD-TN-15 17 5 71% 11 3 73% 13 2 85% 76%
GWD-TN-16 14 4 71% 11 1 91% 16 4 75% 78%
GWD-TN-17 19 3 84% 9 2 78% 13 1 92% 85%
GWD-TN-18 15 3 80% 12 5 58% 14 3 79% 73%
GWD-TN-19 16 2 88% 13 2 85% 12 2 83% 85%
GWD-TN-20 16 2 88% 10 4 60% 15 2 87% 80%
GWD-TN-21 19 2 89% 8 0 100% 14 2 86% 90%
GWD-TN-22 16 2 88% 11 2 82% 14 3 79% 83%
GWD-TN-23 19 5 74% 11 2 82% 11 2 82% 78%
GWD-TN-24 18 2 89% 11 4 64% 12 1 92% 83%

作业批改
数据分析

课程类型 班型名称 课程内容 课程特色 适合对象 预约报名
全日制一对一 全日制一对一名师讲解托福、
雅思、GRE、GMAT、SAT、
日语高分秘籍,助教老师全程
陪伴解惑答疑。
名师一对一教学 任何学员
预约报名
百利天下出国考试一对一 一对一辅导 托福、雅思、
GRE、GMAT、SAT、日语的
专业辅导,依托独创教材课时
制作授课,科学测评打造个性化
辅导,面授与远程教学相结合。
名师一对一教学 任何学员 预约报名
托福小班 托福12人小班课程发音,
单词和语法齐头并进,
帮您实现英语能力的飞跃!
12人小班授课 有一定英语基础 预约报名
雅思小班 雅思12人小班主讲雅思出题规律
及解题技巧,数十年授课经验,
直击雅思高分!
12人小班授课 有一定英语基础 预约报名
外教小班 重点提升口语实战运用
能力,外教亲自点评
口语段子,解决学生
不敢张口,发音和表达的问题。
全外教小班授课 学生不敢张口
发音表达有问题
预约报名